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Potential Applications for Internet of Things (IoT)

Generation and Development of IoT

The original concept of Internet of Things (IoT) was proposed as early as 1999. After bar code identification technology got proficiently applied, RFID (Radio-Frequency Identification) technology capable of implementing passive induction through micro-electronics chips was then discovered. Taking advantage of mobile or fixed RFID sensors, RFID technology identifies attribute information concerning things and transmits the information together with corresponding information on positions and time through the application of LAN (Local Area Network) or even Internet. All the information will be summarized in a certain mode so that useful information can be further applied and distributed. This process depicts the rudiment of IoT.

Along with constant progress made in micro-electronic technology and miniaturization of sensors, an integrated unit composed by active sensors with low power consumption, communication module and power comes into being apart from RFID when transmitted content consists of more properties such as temperature, humidity, content of carbon dioxide, pressure, numerous switching values, wind speed, angle, height etc. Moreover, the adding application of GPS (Global Positioning System) unit leads information of things to be detected including direction, position, longitude and latitude, moving speed etc. In accordance with data analysis based on multiple measurements, information change trajectory can be known and the change trend will be estimated. Furthermore, wireless communication technology is going flourishing as well owing to participation of infrared and laser scanning, WLAN (Wireless Local Area Network) and 3G mobile network or service, all of which makes wireless communication distance constantly expand with application flexibility rising up.

Besides information acquisition, input and transmission, a network is also capable of converging information to bond all the information of numerous things in a real sense and such a network will be accepted as Internet of Things by the industry. IoT allows people to converge and distribute information concerning things around the world and then to process, analyze and even redistribute information.

Up to now, the leading forms of IoT involve wireless sensing network specially used by corporations, M2M network based on public communication network and identification network within a short distance, RFID for example. IoT is applied in all kinds of applications, including vehicle dispatch system, electronic toll collection system, wireless POS system, automatic production system and numerous logistics management and security system and this range keeps expanding at a high speed.

Advantages of IoT

It has to be admitted that Internet of Things makes people's life more convenient and manufacturing in corporation more efficient and safer.

When it comes to people's daily life, IoT plays a more significant role in making people's life easier. For example, people who depend on public transportation vehicles for commuting just need an RFID card that allows them to directly get on metro without the need to buy tickets, which saves them 2 minutes each time. When driving through highway toll stations, people can take advantage of ETC (Electronic Toll Collection) to implement payment so that time can be saved by 3 minutes each time and gasoline fee will be saved as well.

When GPS system and M2M vehicle dispatch system is assembled on vehicles for logistics companies and taxis, vehicle position can be known at anytime and everywhere. As a result, logistics companies are capable of designing optimal driving circuits to transmit or receive goods based on practical needs and circumstances. Taxi companies, however, are capable of rapidly dispatching vehicles based on telephone reservations, releasing advertisements based on vehicle positions and judging whether vehicles are going well based on vehicles' running mode so as to call the police or carry out rescue activities in time.

Potential Applications of IoT

Apart from the advantages IoT brings forward to people in terms of manufacturing and daily life, a large amount of commercial opportunities are waiting for being dug out concerning IoT. As long as IoT resources are well taken advantage of, huge economic benefit will be definitely obtained.

The industrial value chain of Internet of Things involves so many participants among which sensor enterprises, RFID chip corporations and RFID reader corporations receive the most focus from the industry so that all kinds of sensors maintain constantly upgrading. Moreover, more electronic equipment companies also get enrolled into the wave of IoT. For example, home appliances can be involved into Internet; traffic management system is capable of publishing traffic condition for each road based on vehicle's running speed and real-time positions; advertisement companies depend on IoT to upgrade their advertisement content indoor and outdoor anytime and everywhere. Nevertheless, more corporations are available to expect reducing their cost and improving their running efficiency owing to the merits of Internet of Things.

At the very beginning of IoT application, telecommunication operators got so little focus that wireless POS manufacturers arranged communication modules based on GSM (Global System for Mobile communications) or CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access) in accordance with the advice by bank. As a result, they had never considered consulting telecommunication operators. Taxi companies tended to determine systems of communication module before picking up operators and they even bargained with operators. What's worse, bus companies established their own toll collection systems based on RFID without any concern to rely on whcih broadband network or mobile network. However, telecommunication operators have been accquiring long-term opportunity and challenges of Internet of Things owing to their sharp insight. Therefore, telecom operators have established M2M platform involving intelligent processing with reliable transmission guaranteed, based on which standardized M2M applications are provided to mid or small-scale companies.

It's strongly believed that increasingly more companies will benefit from the progress and upgrading of IoT and more potential benefit will be dug out.

PCBCart Contributing to Your Project Concerning IoT

As an electronics manufacturing service provider serving for the industry for more than 10 years, PCBCart has been striving to provide high-quality PCB (Printed Circuit Boards) prototype, PCB fabrication and PCB assembly to world-wide companies specializing in electronics products manufacturing. We've been fully aware of the significance of hardware on smooth running of IoT programs, so we've been ready to provide high-reliability custom products compatible with the requirement of your IoT programs.

For more details concerning our capabilities and your demand, please contact us right now.

Helpful Resources:
Concept of IoT and Its Development Path
A Comprehensive Introduction of IoT Based on RFID
Antenna Design Considerations in IoT Design
PCBCart Offers Full Feature Mass PCB Fabrication Service for IoT Applications
PCBCart Specializes in Advanced Full Turnkey PCB Assembly Service for IoT Devices

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