Multilayer PCB Fabrication

The layer count of PCB (Printed Circuit Board) determines its manufacturing technology difficulty and PCB manufacturing cost. PCB boards can be briefly classified into two categories: single-layer (single-sided) PCB and double-layer (double-sided) PCB. When it comes to high-end electronic products, a couple of signal layers can be added to the inside of PCB apart from surface routing due to some limitations in terms of board real estate and board design. During the manufacturing procedure, after routing for each layer has been finished with positioning and lamination completed, multiple layers of signals will be pressed into a single board that is called multilayer PCB. Therefore, a multilayer PCB refers to any piece of circuit board containing more than two layers of signals. Multilayer PCBs can be multilayer rigid PCB, multilayer flex PCB and flex-rigid multilayer PCB.

Necessity of Multilayer PCB

Due to the increasing use of IC (Integrated Circuit) package, interconnection lines become so dense that multi-substrate boards become necessary. In addition, some design problems, like noise, stray capacitance, crosstalk etc., are so protruding that should be solved through multilayer resolution. As a result, PCB design has to make sure that signal lines should be minimized and parallel circuits should be avoided, which is apparently difficult to be obtained in either single-sided or double-sided design. Therefore, multilayer PCBs come into being for the acquisition of perfect performance of circuits.


The original aim of multilayer PCB is to provide more freedom in terms of routing for circuits that are complex and/or sensitive to noise. There are at least three layers in a multilayer PCB and two layers are external with the left layer(s) synthesized inside insulating plate. The electrical connection in a multilayer PCB derives from plated through hole on the cross section of circuit board.

Advantages of Multilayer PCB

• Smaller size
• Lower weight
• Higher speed of signal transmission
• Constantly low impedance
• Better shielding effect
• Higher assembly density

Item Capability
Material FR4 Tg 140C/150C
FR4 High Tg 170C/180C
FR4 Halogen-Free
FR4 Halogen-Free & High Tg
Board Type Multilayer Rigid PCB
Multilayer Flex PCB
Rigid-Flex Multilayer PCB
Layer Count 1-32layers
Board Dimension 6mm*6mm - 600mm*700mm
Board Thickness 0.6mm - 3.2mm
Copper Weight 0.5oz - 6oz
Min. Spacing/Tracing 3mil/3mil
Surface Finish HASL (lead & lead-free)
ENIG
Immersion Silver/Tin
OSP
Min. Annular Ring 3mil
Aspect Ratio 10:1
Min. Drilling Hole Diameter 6mil, 4mil (laser drill)
Other Techniques Blind/Buried Via
Gold Fingers
Press Fit
Via in Pad
Electrical Test

Multilayer PCBs can be served in so many industries including consumer electronics, medical care, aerospace, telecommunications, military, automotive, wearables, IoT etc. based on its benefits. PCBCart has been striving to provide high-quality multilayer PCBs for customers with full concerns in terms of design, cost and lead time. Contact us and follow rainbows with PCBCart!


Helpful Resources:
Single-Layer vs. Multi-layer PCBs
Multilayer PCB Benefits and Applications
Flex-Rigid Multi-Layer PCB Fabrication Process
Full Feature PCB Manufacturing Services from PCBCart


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